I painted realistic landscapes for many years. I liked showing "the here" and "the there" of the real world. I started to reduce three dimensional space to its basic shapes; I began painting abstract landscapes clinging to the horizon line for support. It is difficult to become independent of something so integral to our conception of where we are in space as is the horizon because it orients us between the sky and the ground and between the near and the far. In 2010 I took a great leap and eliminated the horizon. It has been a wild and wonderful ride ever since.

I am now working totally non-figuratively. I am still dealing with space but now it is the space of a mood or an emotion. I am still dealing with color and shape but now it is to crete a space the viewer can go to in his mind or his heart. It is very challenging to create this non-objective world without the props of the real landscape. And very exhilarating.